Turkey is a transcontinental nation covering an area of 783,562 square kilometres (300,948 sq mi) making it the world's 37th-largest country, about the size of Metropolitan France and the United Kingdom combined. In the west the Bosporus and Dardanelles straits separate Europe from Asia and then the country stretches east towards Mt. Ararat and the Middle East. This means the climate and landscape in Turkey can vary vastly depending on your location.
It is encircled by seas on three sides; the Aegean Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the south and also contains the Sea of Marmara in the northwest. Turkey's varied landscapes are the product of complex earth movements that have shaped the region over thousands of years and still manifest themselves in fairly frequent earthquakes today.
Turkey is a very mountainous country split into seven regions each with distinct contrasts manifested in its landform regions, climate, soils, and vegetation. Mountains inland from the Aegean, Mediterranean and Black seas encompass a high inland Anatolian plateau which becomes increasingly rugged as it progresses eastward.
Turkey has no general overall climate as it is drastically different depending on where you are and what time of the year it is. During the winter, central and eastern areas experience snow and temperature lows of -30C while summers near the southwest Syrian border reach well over 40C.
The Aegean and Mediterranean coasts in the south west are a lot more pleasant, with mild wet winters and hot sunny summers that climb into the high 30’s during July and August they provide an ideal climate for living all year round. If you travel around these regions you will find vast pines forest on the hills and mountains with agricultural plantations on the flatter land and many beautiful beaches.